Rock Climbing Techniques

  • May 26, 2021

Whether it is done outdoors or indoors, rock climbing involves great skills and techniques. They help in finishing the route. Before taking on a rock climbing activity, consider it as an extreme sport which should only be taken if you understand how it can be properly done.

Rope Systems
There are three main rope systems for rock climbing techniques: single, double, and the twin rope system. The single rope system is commonly used and suits well with straight climbing routes. Double rope systems are more flexible than the single rope system. The twin rope system on the other hand is used for more complex type of climbing activity, and involves using two twin ropes in a single rope system.

Tying In
It entails attaching your rope to the climbing harness. During climbing or belaying, tying in will create a belay loop which will contain your belaying devices and gears.

Belaying activities is used as rock climbing techniques to ensure that the rope used is controlled by the belayer so that a falling climber does not fall very far. It involves the responsibility of the belayer to control the rope and apply the friction to allow speed. A belayer can be anchored (placed on a ledge), or hung (suspended from anchors in the rock). Self-belaying is also possible but requires more advanced climbing skills and techniques.

In other types of rock climbing techniques, a climb will need a leader and a follower. Leading entails putting protection for the climber following you. During ascending, the leader will place protection as he climbs, then the second climber will remove the protection.

Abseiling or rappelling uses a fixed rope during a descent. This technique is not limited to descending after a climb, but can be made useful especially when a new climbing route has a difficult starting point. It is important to execute proper abseiling because many factors, including weakened ropes and equipments failure, can seriously be harmful to climbers.

Lowering is a common method of descending in rock climbing. It entails responsibility from the belayer to ensure that other climbers are lowered safely. Lowering is used when descending on short, steep walls, and for a faster descent.

Rock climbing is best enjoyed with proper knowledge of rock climbing techniques used during the activity. Get to know the fundamental aspects of rock climbing to determine what kind you can handle, and eventually challenge yourself with. It entails many life hazards. Learn from other people?s mistakes and always be cautious of your safety.


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